Purpose of the Interview:

    * Clarify any questions you have

  • * Make sure the work is student work
  • * Provide interaction between the adults and students
  • * This is the students' time to shine; let them talk.

Always ask the student to explain:

  • * If you don’t understand what the thesis statement is (how their topic relates to the theme)
  • * Why the bibliographic entry is primary/secondary
  • * Anything they are not explaining well

Other tips:

  • * Do not indicate your personal feelings about their project especially in relation to other projects.
  • * Projects should stand alone in communicating the historical information and the relationship to the theme.
  • * The interview can determine the students' depth of knowledge and understanding of their topic.
  • * The bibliography is what shows historical research; use it to make decisions.

Click to download the judging rubric
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File: judgingrubric.pdf (approx 92.08 kB)

Click to download the judging rubric

Judging Rubric

Adult Help

Parents and teachers play an important role in helping students complete the process of researching and developing entries.

Following are answers to some questions about adult involvement in the History Day process.

Rule of thumb: Adults can do things with History Day students, but not for them.


  • * It is permissible for adults to help students locate materials and other resources, but they may not take notes, conduct interviews, or reproduce images.
  • * Students may have film professionally developed and use copy services at libraries and archives.
  • * Students MUST operate all the equipment related to the production and presentation of a documentary entry. This includes cameras, video recorders, sound recording equipment, and editing equipment.
  • * Students are responsible for reviewing sources and for deciding on their usefulness for their entries.
  • * Students may/should have assistance with potentially dangerous equipment such as power tools. However students are responsible for the ultimate design, construction, and presentation of their entries.
  • * Students are responsible for setting up their own exhibits and props, and for running their own equipment at all levels of History Day.

Process Paper

The process paper should not be over 500 words and should include four paragraphs addressing topic choice, research conduction, presentation category, and the relationship to theme. Students should bring the needed copies of your process paper and bibliography to the contest if the category requires it.

See Page 18 of the Rule Book for detailed information about the requirements for the process paper.

NHD Rule Book (Spanish) »


Students are allowed to use either MLA or Turabian style in formatting their bibliographies. The student should annotate each bibliographical entry to explain the how the resource contributed to the project.

See Page 10 of the Rule Book for detailed information about the requirements for the process paper.

Example Bibliography - State »

Turabian style guide (PDF) »

2016 Contest Rule Book (Spanish) »

MLA Formatting and Style Guide »

Seeking to understand
who we are,
who we were
and who we aspire to be.

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